Artillery types

Canada donates 20,000 155mm artillery rounds to Ukraine

OTTAWA ($1 = 1.28 Canadian dollars) — The Canadian government has decided to increase military aid to Ukraine by approximately CAD 98 million [$76.3 million] by donating 20,000 NATO-standard artillery projectiles to the Ukrainian Armed Forces. The information was announced by Canada’s Defense Minister Anita Anand on May 24.

Photo credit: Naver

BulgarianMilitary.com reminds us that Canada is one of the countries [Australia and the United States as well] who donated the towed M777 howitzers to Ukraine. These howitzers fire precisely those projectiles that Canada is about to supply to Ukraine. According to a senior Canadian government official, the North American country is working to deliver the announced donation as soon as possible.

“Putin can’t redraw maps that suit him”, said Anita Anand during an online meeting of the international contact group coordinating aid to Ukraine.

This is not the first donation of artillery projectiles made by the Ottawa government to Kyiv. In late April, when Canada delivered M777 155mm howitzers, thousands of M982 Excalibur, formerly XM982, GPS-guided artillery rounds were loaded with the cargo.

More recently, BulgarianMilitary.com published a video from the Ukrainian front showing Ukrainians hitting a Russian artillery battery with M777 howitzers and M982 Excalibur projectiles.

70 km range

According to comprehensive foreign reports, almost two years ago (end of December 2020), the US military successfully tested the M982A1 Excalibur artillery shells with a new prototype of the XM1299 self-propelled gun, which is still under development , reaching a 70-kilometer goal.

This XM1299 self-propelled gun has been modernized and improved on the basis of the M109A7. The main one is a new gun with a barrel length of 9.1 meters and a caliber of 155 mm, which can fire M982A1 Excalibur shells. Initially, the test did not go well, as a strong headwind caused the first projectile to miss its target by about 100-200 meters, but after further adjustments it managed to hit the target 70 kilometers away. At the same time, the effect of different propellants was evaluated in this test.

Ukraine gets M982 155mm guided shells: PBX warhead, range 23-70 km
Photo credit: The Diplomat

Sources claim that the M982A1 Excalibur projectiles used have also been upgraded and are part of the “Long Range Artillery Project (ERCA)”.

About M777 155mm towed howitzers

Ukraine expects dozens of T-72 tanks and M777 155mm towed howitzers
Photo credit: Wikipedia

The M777 155 mm is an American howitzer, in service since 2005. Australia, Canada, India, Saudi Arabia and the United States are currently the operators of this type of artillery. 155mm M777 is manufactured by BAE Systems. This howitzer has actively participated in the war in Afghanistan for the past 20 years. Separately involved in hostilities in Iraq, Yemen and Syria.

The 155mm M777 weighs 4,200 kg and is 10.7 meters long. The crew that serves the howitzer consists of eight soldiers. Its caliber is 155 mm and fires M107, M795, ERFB, M982 projectiles. The shells fly at 827 m/s. Depending on the type of projectiles used, the operational range of the howitzer is different: from 24 to 40 km.

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