According to Anwesha Majumdar in RepublicWorld.comthe Chancellor of Germany, Olaf Scholz, announced on Sunday August 21 the dispatch of COBRA counter-battery radar and IRIS-T missiles to Ukraine.
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VULCANO is a family of unguided (BER) and guided (GLR) munitions for 76mm, 127mm naval guns and 155mm land artillery systems. (Photo source: Leonard)
The website of the German newspaper Die Welt from May 4, 2022 already announced that Germany planned to supply Cobra counter-artillery radars to Ukraine. This announcement came after Germany announced to supply 155mm PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine.
Germany has now authorized the sale of 255 high-precision 155mm Vulcan guided artillery shells to Ukraine. According to the German publication Welt am Sonntag, no exact delivery date has yet been set. German (Diehl Defence) and Italian (Leonardo) defense companies jointly produced Vulcano shells.
In addition to this, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced on Sunday the shipment of the COBRA counter-battery radar and the IRIS-T air defense system to Ukraine. Referring to the weapons, Scholz said they “will soon be” in Kyiv. According to Nexta, he also said that Germany would continue to give Ukraine “what they need for their defence”.
155mm Vulcano artillery shell
Vulcano 155mm is a family of sub-caliber ammunition for 155mm land artillery systems consisting of an unguided projectile called BER (Ballistic Extended Range) and a guided projectile called GLR (Guided Long Range). They represent the most advanced technology currently available for accurate land artillery fire.
The Vulcano projectile is specifically designed and engineered to improve the performance of other
ammunition of the same caliber, both in range and accuracy while maintaining compatibility with in-service propellant charges and 155 mm guns. The contour of the ammunition is almost identical to that of conventional cartridges, which allows it to be handled without additional logistical burden.
The primary application of the Vulcano 155 GLR is long-range, high-precision fire support against stationary and moving targets with extremely reduced likelihood of collateral damage.
Exceptional aerodynamics, combined with GPS guidance and course-shaping capabilities, allow the Vulcano 155 GLR to reach a maximum range of 70 km while maintaining pinpoint accuracy of less than 5 m in all operational ranges.
The shell is filled with IM explosive and is composed of specific patented pre-shaped tungsten rings, allowing extremely high effectiveness against soft and lightly shielded targets; the detonation trigger is generated by a radio frequency programmable fuse capable of various functionalities, such as altimetric, instantaneous and delayed impact. When the RF fuse is replaced with the dedicated Semi-Active Laser (SAL) sensor, the munitions can also effectively engage laser-designated (forward observer required), stationary and moving targets with even improved accuracy over pure GPS guidance .
In addition, the ability to program the final angle of attack of the projectile up to 90 ° (i.e. vertical fall) against the target allows to maximize both the effectiveness of the warhead and guidance accuracy, as well as minimizing the probability of projectile detection. in flight by enemy defense systems.
Vulcano 155 ammunition, both BER and GLR, has been qualified according to the relevant STANAGs under the joint supervision of the Italian and German MoD.
The COBRA is a counter-battery radar mounted on a truck chassis. (Picture source: OCCAR)
The COBRA, which stands for COunter Battery RAdar, was jointly developed by Thales, Airbus Defense and Space and Lockheed Martin for the German, French and British armed forces. The radar entered service in 2005.
COBRA is considered the world’s most advanced land-based weapon tracking system, featuring high-performance radar, advanced processing, and an integrated and flexible command, control, and communications system. The design includes state-of-the-art digital processing and an advanced solid-state active phased array antenna comprising several thousand transmit/receive modules.
The COBRA mission is to locate mortars, rocket launchers and artillery batteries and provide information to counter their effectiveness. With a detection range of up to 100 km, COBRA is able to locate and classify up to 40 batteries in two minutes. It will also be able to monitor ceasefire violations when deployed in a peacekeeping role.
IRIS-T on display at the ILA exhibition in Berlin in 2006 in front of a Eurofighter (Image source: Wikipedia)
The IRIS-T (“InfraRed Imaging System Tail/Thrust Vector-Controlled”) is a German-led program to develop a short to medium range infrared homing air-to-air missile to replace the AIM-9 Sidewinder found in some member nations of NATO. Any aircraft capable of firing the Sidewinder is also capable of launching the IRIS-T.