For many years, India has sought to become self-sufficient in many areas of land systems, including towed artillery systems.
The 155mm/45 caliber Dhanush towed artillery system, which was commercialized at the recent Africa Aerospace and Defense (AAD) 2022 exhibition, is now deployed by the Indian Army and is equipped with a power pack at the front of the split carriage which makes it possible to move in a confined space at a maximum speed of 5 km/h. It also helps put the gun into action.
The 155mm/45 caliber ammunition is equipped with a muzzle brake and the maximum range depends on the projectile/load combination, but is said to be over 36 km with a Zone 6 Bi-Modular Load System (BMCS) which gives a high initial speed. of 881 m/s. India currently quotes a life of 2,000 round full load equivalent (RFE).
In addition to using the BMCS, it can also use the older, less efficient bag-charge propellant systems and the types of 155mm ammunition that can be fired include the widely deployed M107 high-explosive (HE) projectile developed in the United States. United States and the extended range full gun. Boat Tail (BT) or Base Bleed (BB) projectiles.
The maximum rate of fire is currently quoted as a burst rate of three rounds in 30 seconds and an intense rate of 12 rounds in three minutes.
A load assist device is fitted as standard, as is a load assist device that carries three 155 mm projectiles on the right side.
Dhanush’s standard equipment includes an ammunition-mounted muzzle velocity radar that provides information to the fire control system, artillery gun alignment and positioning system, and inertial navigation system (INS ) assisted by GPS (Global Positioning System).
It can also be integrated into the end user’s existing artillery command and control system.
In addition to marketing the 155mm/45 caliber Dhanush towed artillery system, India also markets the 155mm/45 caliber Sharang artillery system which is basically an upgraded Russian 130mm M-46 field gun which has been deployed by India and many other countries for over 50 years and with the Chinese equivalent being the Type 59-1, both have a maximum range of just over 27,000m.
By firing an ERFB-BB and using a Zone 6 BMCS, a maximum range of 38 km is achieved for the Sharang which is a significant improvement with a gun having an EFC life of 1,500 rounds.