Artillery types

Russian artillery war against Ukraine: Grads, Smerches and cruise missiles in action

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The observer team has been closely following the war in Ukraine via open sources to document what is happening on the ground. To learn more about the rockets, bombs and missiles used by the Russian military, we spoke with Mark Cancian, an expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC.

According to Mark Cancian, the Russian military failed in its first attempt at a quick war in Ukraine, so it turned to bombing instead.

The Russians have a variety of cruise missiles. I think they use some, but we think they retain a lot. These are usually precision guided and can hit specific targets.

However, Mark Cancian added that Russia is playing a dangerous game by using certain weapons:

A couple of things got a lot of attention. The first, of course, is cluster munitions. These are essentially bomblets that are distributed by the artillery. They will spread over a wide area. When used near civilians, they can cause many civilian casualties, due to the way they diffuse their effects. All are intended for military targets. The use of these weapons against civilians is illegal. But because they are unguided, they will explode close to the target and endanger civilians.

Watch his full analysis in the video above.