Artillery vehicle

Ukrainian forces capture Russian artillery fire direction vehicle 1V119 Reostat | Ukraine – Russia conflict war 2022

According to the photos published on the “Ukrainian Weapons Tracker“, Ukrainian forces captured a Russian 1V119 Reostat in Kherson Oblast, also known as Khersonshchyna, an oblast in southern Ukraine. The 1V119 is a fire direction vehicle of a battalion of airborne artillery.
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Ukrainian forces captured an abandoned Russian 1V119 “Reostat” in Kherson Oblast. (Image source Ukraine Weapon Tracker Twitter account)

The 1V119 Reostat is based on the Soviet-made BMD-1 Airborne Tracked Armored IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) with the original 73mm gun turret removed and replaced with a turret equipped with sighting systems and monitoring. The vehicle is used as an artillery fire direction center for the 2S9 120 mm self-propelled mortar carrier vehicle.

The 1V119 is equipped with NNP-21 and V-7 observation devices, three R-173 and R-159 radio sets, a PAB-2AM aiming circle, three antenna mounts, DSP- 30 and DAK-2. The vehicle could be fitted with a PSNR-5K (1RL-133-1) “Tall Mike” ground surveillance radar that can be mounted on the turret roof. It is also equipped with computers to calculate fire control information for the 2S9 or other artillery systems such as the 122 mm D-30 towed howitzer and 122 mm BM-21 (40 rounds) multiple rocket launchers.

The NNP-21 is a monocular observation device, designed for nighttime observation of the battlefield. The Tall Mike is an I-band surveillance radar capable of detecting people at a distance of 3 km and vehicles at a distance of 12 km.

The 1V119 retains the original BMD-1 suspension and power supply. The independent suspension on each side consists of five small wheels with the freewheel at the front and the drive pinion at the rear. There are four track return rollers. The independent suspension combines a hydraulic ground clearance changing and track tension maintaining system with air springs, allowing ground clearance to be changed from 100 to 450 mm.

The 1V119 is powered by a 240hp 5D-20 V-6 type liquid-cooled diesel engine mated to a manual transmission with 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. It can drive at a maximum road speed of 70 km/h with a maximum range of 320 km.

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Russian Army 1V119 Reostat. (Image source Army Recognition)