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Where is the Royal Horse Artillery based and when was it formed?

The funeral of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, England’s longest-reigning monarch, takes place at 11am today (Monday September 19) at Westminster Abbey. Here we take a look at the Royal Horse Artillery, including when it was formed and where the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery, as well as other units, are based.

The body of Queen Elizabeth II has lain in state at Westminster Hall for several days, which will officially end at 6.30am today as her coffin is transported to Westminster Abbey for the state funeral.

After the funeral service, the casket will arrive in Windsor at 3:06 p.m. where the state hearse will join in a procession.

Members of the Royal Family will join the procession as shots are fired on the East Lawn of Windsor Castle by the King’s troop, the Royal Horse Artillery, which we have already seen in recent days.

Queen Elizabeth II sadly passed away – HITC

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Queen Elizabeth II sadly passed away – HITC

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The King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery transported the Queen’s coffin from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Hall

On Wednesday September 14, Her Majesty The Queen’s coffin was carried in procession on a gun carriage of the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Hall, where she lay in state for four days.

The gun carriage which was used to transport the Queen’s coffin belongs to the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery. It was previously used to transport the coffins of King George VI in 1952 and the Queen Mother in 2002.

The King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery regularly used for royal salutes

Previously cannons were fired from Hyde Park by the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery. One shot was fired every minute for the duration of the procession, meaning approximately 38 shots were fired.

The King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery has six 13-pounder rapid-fire guns, built between 1913 and 1918, all of which saw active service in the First and Second World Wars. They are regularly used for royal greetings in Hyde Park, Green Park or Windsor Great Park for state occasions and to mark royal birthdays and royal anniversaries.

On September 9, the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery arrived in Hyde Park for a 96-round gun salute – one for each year of Queen Elizabeth II’s life.

On Monday, the Queen’s coffin will be transported in the Royal Navy’s State Funeral Gun Carriage, which will be towed by 98 Royal Navy sailors.

Further information on the Royal Horse Artillery and when were they formed

The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) was formed in January 1793 at Goodwood in Sussex by the 3rd Duke of Richmond 1793.

It was established as a separate branch of the Royal Regiment of Artillery to provide mounted artillery support to British Army cavalry units. They were joined by two other troops in November 1793.

Today, the RHA is operationally part of ‘The Gunners’ or Royal Artillery order of battle. There are currently four separate regiments that wear the cipher (cap badge) of the RHA:

  • King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery (active since 1946). They are primarily a ceremonial unit used to fire salutes on royal and state occasions. They also provide the gun carriage and a team of black horses for the state funeral.
  • 1st Royal Mounted Artillery Regiment (active since 1939)
  • 3rd Royal Mounted Artillery Regiment (active since 1938)
  • 7th (Parachute) Regiment Royal Horse Artillery (active since 1961)

The Royal Horse Artillery provided the Queen’s Guard on three occasions:

  • 1 RHA – January 1979
  • 7 Para RHA – March 1989
  • King’s Troop – April 2007
Photo credit should read NIKLAS HALLE’N/AFP via Getty Images

Where is he based today

Current units of the Royal Horse Artillery are based in different locations around the country. The King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery is based at Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, London. This is the former home of the Gunners.

The 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is currently based at Larkhill Garrison, Larkhill, a garrison town in Wiltshire, England.

The 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is currently based at Albemarle Barracks, Northumberland, England.

The 7th (Parachute) Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is based at Merville Barracks, Colchester Garrison in Colchester, Essex.

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